Common Issues Pet Owners Face

Is your pet experiencing symptoms and you’re not sure how much concern you should have?  Our experienced team of doctors here at Brentwood Veterinary Clinic have put together some common illnesses that they see on a regular basis.  As always, if you have additional concerns or would like to schedule an appointment, don’t hesitate to call us today.  We can normally schedule same-day appointments and walk-ins are welcome.

Canine Influenza Virus (CIV) is a respiratory infection in dogs, causing cough, nasal discharge, lethargy, and anorexia. The CIV H3N8 vaccine originally came out in 2013. Then CIV H3N2 recently emerged in 2015 and caused a massive outbreak in Chicago and spread to over 30 states. Both viruses are part of the Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex. Brentwood Veterinary Clinic is now carrying the combo vaccine, which covers against both H3N8 and H3N2. We highly recommend vaccinating your dog if they go to doggy day care, dog parks, or boarding facilities, as the virus is highly contagious.
​It is the policy of Brentwood Veterinary Clinic that we will no longer fax or call in prescriptions for heartworm and flea and tick preventatives to online pharmacies.  We cannot guarantee that the drugs were purchased directly from the manufacturer, that they were shipped and stored appropriately, or that they are even effective.  Sadly, counterfeit and damaged pet medications are becoming increasingly common.  We will be happy to provide you with a written prescription that you may take to a pharmacy of your choosing, but we recommend following the guidelines of both the American Veterinary Medical Association, as well as the majority of drug manufacturers, and purchasing your pets’s drugs directly from a licensed veterinarian to ensure their health and safety.

For clients who prefer purchasing pet preventatives online, we do offer preventatives through our online store, through which we are able to ensure their safety and efficacy.

There are many choices on where to obtain prescription items for your pet. Many more appear every month. We are happy to provide a written script for any product you may need if your pet is a current patient (seen within the last year), current on all appropriate testing needed, and with Doctor approval.  However, we encourage you to read all fine print for the company.  Use caution when using “other” sources:

  • Prescriptions filled outside of a veterinary office are voided of the manufacturer’s guarantee.
  • Product may be expired.
  • Product may be counterfeit.
  • Product may be unreliable due to improper storage and transportation conditions.
  • Check the label closely. Kilograms DOES NOT equal pounds. Many of these products are imported from other countries.

Brentwood Veterinary Clinic provides a fully stocked pharmacy for all your pet’s needs.  We carry both prescription and over-the-counter products.  Our owner has carefully reviewed all products and selected the best and most used items.  Our pharmacy contains items based on effectiveness, cost, and safety.  This wide array of choices allows the doctor to select the most appropriate medication needed for your pet.  We guarantee quality products and want only the best medication administered to your pet.

Dogs and cats, like humans, can get diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a condition where the body can’t use glucose normally. Glucose in the blood is controlled by a hormone made in the pancreas called insulin. If the pancreas does not make enough insulin or is unable to utilize insulin correctly, glucose builds up in the blood (hyperglycemia) and spills over into the urine (glucosuria) drawing water with it.

There are several signs of diabetes in pets including increased drinking and urinating, decreased appetite, and chronic skin infections or UTIs.

Diabetes is diagnosed by a veterinarian via blood and urine tests. It is normally treated with insulin injections given daily at home. At Brentwood Veterinary Clinic we carry several types of insulin and take the time to go over how injections are given with our clients. We also carry prescription diets for pets with diabetes.

Click here for more information on Pet Diabetes

​One of the most common medical concerns with cats is urinary disease. If your cat has started to urinate outside the litterbox, he/she may have urinary tract disease. Symptoms include inappropriate urination, bloody urine, straining, or overgrooming at the urinary opening. Cats should always be seen by a veterinarian at the first sign of a problem. Testing such as a urinalysis, urine culture, bladder xrays, or bloodwork may be done to try and diagnose the cause. Once infection, stones, and tumors have been ruled out, a common diagnosis is Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC) which is an inflammatory disease of the bladder. Indoor, young, overweight cats are at the highest risk for FIC, but any cat can be diagnosed with this. Stress also seems to play a large role in FIC, and often it is hard to determine if a cat is stressed or what the cause of the stress is. Treatment for FIC is multimodal-often including pain medication, a 100% canned diet (possibly a prescription veterinary diet), and reducing stress with medications, supplements, or environmental changes. Brentwood Veterinary Clinic carries several options for treating FIC-give us a call today if you think your cat may be displaying symptoms of urinary disease.

The constant licking, chewing, and scratching can be irritating for owners, but it can also cause skin wounds and infections in our pets. Allergies are a common cause of itchy pets and include environmental allergies(atopic dermatitis), flea allergies, food allergy.

Environmental allergies occur when pets develop skin irritation secondary to common substances like pollen, trees, or house dust mites. There are many options for treatments of these types of allergies including antihistamines, like benadryl, and short term steroids. There are also new anti-itch medications likes Apoquel (a pill) and Cytopoint (an injection). We carry both at Brentwood Vet Clinic.

In pets with flea allergies, a single flea bite can cause a severe reaction, even if owners don’t see any fleas on their pet. Flea medications and cleaning the environment are the most important factors in treating these patients. Brentwood Veterinary Clinic carries several flea medications for cats and dogs.

Food allergies are uncommon in pets, but can happen when pets develop a hypersensitivity to certain foods (in most cases a specific protein source). A food trial, which lasts 6-8 weeks is the the only way to diagnose a food allergy. In this food trial, pets are fed a novel or hydrolyzed protein diet strictly to see if there is any improvement of the itching.

If you have an itchy cat or dog, please call us to schedule an appointment with one of our doctors.

Leptospirosis is a disease in dogs caused by a spiral shaped bacteria that live in the water and soil. Leptospirosis is mainly transmitted through urine of infected animals (usually wildlife like deer, raccoons, and skunks). So dogs that have access to wetland areas (swamps, streams, lakes, and rivers) and live/hunt near wild life are at high risk.

Leptospira bacteria affect the kidney, liver, brain, lungs, and heart, so clinical signs may vary, but usually include fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, and even jaundice. The best way to protect against infection is through annual vaccination. Brentwood Veterinary Clinic carries the Leptospirosis vaccine that protects against the 4 most common types of leptospires. Call  to schedule your appointment to discuss if the vaccine is right for you dog.

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​Did you know a 12 pound Yorkie is the same as an average female weighing 218 pounds and a 14 pound cat is equivalent to a 237 pound man? An estimated 53% of dogs and 58% of cats in the United states are considered overweight or obese. There are many risks of excess weight in pets, including osteoarthritis, diabetes, high blood pressure, heart and respiratory disease, cruciate ligament injury, kidney disease, cancer, and decreased life expectancy. Diet and exercise are the mainstays of weight loss in overweight pets. Brentwood Veterinary Clinic carries weight loss diets such as Hill’s Metabolic, Hill’s r/d, Hill’s w/d. We also carry joint supplements, such as Dasuquin, to help pets that have already developed osteoartthritis.

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​Generally cats are easy to train to use the litter box.  Here are a few tips to help you as you train your new family member:

  • Make sure the box is not in a noisy or hard to reach place
  • Place kitten in the litter box as soon you get her home
  • Take her paws and show her how to scratch the litter
  • Choose the right litter.  Cats usually prefer clumping litter, as it makes it easier for your cat to bury his waste
  • Use the right amount of litter, and clean the litter box daily
  • Place kitten in the box after meals and when waking up from a nap
  • Remember that cats prefer privacy when using the litter box
  • If there are accidents, don’t yell or punish your cat.  Try again.
  • Don’t get discouraged!  Most cats will make the adjustment to a new litter box without any problems.
Dental care is just as important to your pets as it is to you.  Develop a routine from a young age so that your pet is used to it on a regular basis.  Following are some tips to help you:

  • Start brushing your pet’s teeth around eight weeks of age
  • Give your pet a small sample of the toothpaste on your finger
  • Never use human toothpaste
  • Lift the lip to expose the outside surfaces of your pet’s gums and teeth
  • Use a specially designed pet toothbrush or a recommended alternative
  • Brush your pet’s teeth on a daily or weekly basis
  • Your veterinarian can recommend dental treats and toys to chew on.  There are also dental diets and mouth rinses.
  • You should generally begin having your pet’s teeth professionally cleaned between two and four years of age.  Have them cleaned professionally at least once a year.
  • When you bring your pet in for its annual veterinary exam, we will check your pet’s teeth and give any recommendations at that time.